What is Hypertension (High Blood Pressure)?
Blood pressure is the expression of the pressure exerted by the blood to the arteries. It is defined in two classes: systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood pressure. Systolic pressure is the pressure that occurs when the heart beats. Diastolic pressure is the pressure that occurs when the heart rests. If diastolic blood pressure is higher than 90 mmHg and systolic blood pressure is higher than 140 mmHg in 3 separate measurements, then this is a hypertension (high blood pressure) case.
When a person suffers high blood pressure for a long time this causes blockage, rupture, enlargement of the vessels and arteriosclerosis, impairs blood flow and organ failure may occur.
What Causes High Blood Pressure (Hypertension)?
Conditions that cause hypertension are examined in 2 groups as primary and secondary causes. Primary hypertension is a term used when the condition cannot be particularly determined. Primary hypertension tends to develop clinically gradually over time, many times due to age. Secondary hypertension on the other hand, means that high blood pressure in the person occurs as a result of a certain health condition. Unlike primary hypertension, secondary hypertension rises suddenly. Secondary hypertension may occur after various ailments and the use of certain drugs or substances. Below are the factors that can cause hypertension:
– High salt consumption
– Stress, obesity
– Genetic factors
– Diabetes, cholesterol
– Insufficient physical activity
– Magnesium, potassium and calcium deficiency
– Birth control pills and some pain relievers
– Obstructive sleep apnea
– Kidney diseases
– Adrenal gland tumors
– Thyroid disorders
– Vascular abnormalities
– Prohibited substances such as cocaine or amphetamines
Symptoms of Hypertension
– Shortness of breath
– Nose bleeding
– Chest pain
– Problems with vision
– Presence of blood in the urine
Hypertension Diagnosis and Treatment
If your blood pressure values are high, your doctor will ask for various tests such as urine, blood, EKG and ultrasonography to truly understand the causes. The physician may prescribe you various medications and but most probably will ask you to make valuable changes in your lifestyle:
– Healthy and balanced diet
– Regular physical activity
– Ending active or passive exposure to tobacco smoke
– Successful stress management
– Restricting the amount of salt in the diet
– Limiting the consumption of caffeine high products
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